Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries


Royal Society of Chemistry

    Kamm, Birgit

    H÷fer, Rainer



    Royal Society of Chemistry Green Chemistry


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Some of the main oil-rich crops are sunflower, rapeseed and olive which are primarily grown for food. This book discusses how to convert this whole crop into energy (fuels, power and heat), food and bioproducts (chemicals and/or materials), while making optimal use of the by-products generated during farming/harvesting, primary processing (oil extraction and refining) and secondary processing (transesterification). The resulting processes are more economically competitive and the business margin for oil and biodiesel manufacturers is improved. Oil crops are the main point of focus in this book however many of the technologies discussed are applicable to a wide variety of feedstocks. For example, cellulose from rapeseed straw can be converted to levulinic acid but the same technology could be applied to cellulose from wheat straw or wood. Significant effort is now being devoted to '2nd generation' raw materials which avoid direct competition with food sources (such as ligno-cellulose). This volume integrates these developments with existing plant oil supply chains and combines biochemical and thermochemical processes to form integrated biorefinery schemes. Two unique features of the book are the information on LCA of biorefinery schemes and the surveys showing where traditional industries could be affected by new biorefinery developments. Energy and cost calculations for the key biorefinery processes and are also included revealing that some are surprisingly profitable and could offer significant global benefits. The book is of interest to academics working in relevant areas of chemistry, biology, materials, engineering, economics and policy studies. Those working in the EU farming industry will also find it relevant to their business.


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